Discussão:Experiência religiosa/Imprimir

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  • livro aborda algo que nao esta dentro do escopo dele - q e a união de todas as tradicoes misticas por meio de um tipo de experiencia em comum
  • Not confuse with, lucid dreams, alucinations, etc. Citar neuroteologo

Evolution of the brain

The religious mind is one consequence of a brain that is large enough to formulate religious and philosophical ideas.[1] During human evolution, the hominid brain tripled in size, peaking 500,000 years ago. Much of the brain's expansion took place in the neocortex. This part of the brain is involved in processing higher order cognitive functions that are necessary for human religiosity. The neocortex is responsible for self consciousness, language and emotion. According to Dunbar's theory, the relative neocortex size of any species correlates with the level of social complexity of the particular species. The neocortex size correlates with a number of social variables that include social group size and complexity of mating behaviors. In chimpanzees the neocortex occupies 50% of the brain, whereas in modern humans it occupies 80% of the brain.

Robin Dunbar argues that the critical event in the evolution of the neocortex took place at the speciation of archaic homo sapiens about 500 thousand years ago. His study indicates that only after the speciation event is the neocortex sufficiently large enough to process complex social phenomena such as language and religion. The study is based on a regression analysis of neocortex size plotted against a number of social behaviors of living and extinct hominids.[2]


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MYSTICAL SCALE

Space/Time

  • was both timeless and spaceless.
  • experience in which I had no sense of time or space.
  • experience in which time and space were non-existent.
  • experience in which time, place, and distance were meaningless.

Inefavel

  • experience which I was unable to express adequately through language.
  • was incapable of being expressed in words.
  • experience that cannot be expressed in words.
  • experience that is impossible to communicate.

nice sensation

  • experienced profound joy.
  • experienced a perfectly peaceful state.

absorved/unified

  • experience in which I became aware of a unity of all things.
  • experience in which my own self seemed to merge into something greater.
  • something greater than myself seemed to absorb me.
  • experience in which I felt myself to be absorbed as one with all things.
  • experience in which all things seemed to be unified into a single whole.
  • experience in which I realized the oneness of myself with all things.
  • experience in which I felt everything in the world to be part of the same whole.

new/other reality

  • experience in which a new view of reality was revealed to me.
  • experience in which deeper aspects of reality were revealed to me.
  • experience in which I felt nothing is ever really dead.
  • experienced anything that I could call ultimate reality.
  • experience in which ultimate reality was revealed to me.

felling sacredness

  • experienced anything to be divine.
  • experience which I knew to be sacred.
  • experience which left me with a feeling of awe.
  • experience which seemed holy to me.
  • experience in which I felt that all was perfection at that time.
  • experience which left me with a feeling of wonder.

alll thing conscious

  • experience in which I felt as if all things were alive.
  • experience in which all things seemed to be aware.
  • experience in which all things seemed to be conscious.


Prehistoric era

  • 300,000: First evidence of intentional burial of the dead. Sites such as at Atapuerca in Spain, bones of over 32 individuals are found in pit within a cave[3].
  • 130,000: Earliest undisputed evidence for intentional burial. Neanderthals are burying their dead at sites such as Krapina in Croatia[3].
  • 100,000: The oldest ritual burial of modern humans is thought to be from a Qafzeh in Israel. There is a double burial of what is thought to be a mother and child. The bones have been stained with red ochre. By 100,000 years ago anatomically modern humans migrated to the Middle East from Africa. However the fossil record of these humans ends after 100kya, leading scholars to believe that population either died out or returned to Africa.[4][5]
  • 100,000 to 50,000: Increased use of red ochre at several Middle Stone Age sites. Red Ochre is thought to have played an important role in ritual.
  • 70,000: Traces of worship of the python discovered in the Ngamiland region of Botswana, which bears rough resemblance to the "Snake Workship" ritual, practised by the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.[6]
  • 50,000: Humans have evolved the traits associated with modern human behavior. Much of the evidence is from Late Stone Age sites in Africa. Modern human behavior includes abilities such as modern language, abstract thought, symbolism and religion[5].
  • 42,000: Ritual burial of Man at Lake Mungo in Australia. The body is sprinkled with copious amounts of red ochre. this is seen as evidence that the Australians had brought along with them religious rituals from Africa.
  • 40,000: Upper Paleolithic begins in Europe. There is an abundance of fossil evidence including elaborate burials of the dead, venus figurines and cave art. Venus figurines are thought to represent fertility goddesses. The cave paintings at chauvet and Lascaux are believed to represent religious thought.
  • 30,000: Earliest known burial of a shaman.[7]
  • 11,000: The Neolithic Revolution begins. Humans adopt a different lifestyle following the invention of agriculture. The foundations of organized religion are laid following the formation of the first chiefdoms, states and nations.

O histórico anterior da página foi arquivado para fins de backup em Discussão:Experiência religiosa/Imprimir/Arquivo LQT 1 em 2015-11-03.

  1. . {{{Título}}}.
  2. Predefinição:Cite journal
  3. 1 2 When Burial Begins
  4. Museum of Natural History article on human human evolution
  5. 1 2 The beginning of religion at the beginning of the neolithic
  6. World’s oldest ritual discovered. Worshipped the python 70,000 years ago
  7. Tedlock, Barbara. 2005. The Woman in the Shaman's Body: Reclaiming the Feminine in Religion and Medicine. New York: Bantam.
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